A car is a motorized vehicle that travels on the ground. It usually has four wheels. The word “automotive” is of Greek origin, and the term “motion” is a Latin translation of “auto”. The term refers to any sort of self-propelled vehicle. This information, as put forward by Elmer Sperry.
The automobile industry encompasses everything from passenger cars to farm equipment and commercial trucks. By allowing individuals to commute long distances for work, shopping and entertainment, it played an essential role in the development of ancillary industries, such as the oil industry and travel.
Automobile Industry in India
In 2020, India was the fifth-largest auto market, selling 3.49 million vehicles combined in the passenger car and heavy truck categories. It was the seventh-largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles in 2019.
The utility vehicle segment dominates the market in terms of volume due to a growing middle class and a young population.
Small and medium-sized cars make up most of the domestic Indian automobile market. Passenger car sales are dominated by compact and midsize automobiles. Two-wheelers and private cars accounted for 80.8% and 12.9% of vehicle sales, respectively, amounting to sales of nearly 20 million vehicles in FY20.
EV sales, excluding E-rickshaws, in India increased 20% to 1.56 lakh units in 2019 by exposing two million two-seaters.
Main Components of Automobile
1. The Chassis
A car’s chassis includes all the most important assemblies including an engine, transmission components like a clutch, gearbox, propeller shaft, axles, a control system like brakes and steering, and a suspension system.
A car’s chassis includes the frame, suspension system, axles, and wheels as the main parts.
2. The Engine
It is the engine that provides motive power to a car. Without it, the vehicle could not move and would not be able to transport people or goods.
The engine presently is an internal combustion engine. This engine might burn gasoline, though it could also use an ignition coil or a hot-wire system to heat the spark plugs. Instead of a compression ignition engine using diesel as fuel, it could also be a kerosene engine.
3. The Transmission System
The electrical system delivers electricity to the vehicle’s road wheels from the engine. The electrical power provided by the engine is transformed into the rotation of the crankshaft.
This requires engaging the axles to turn the wheels, which activates the vehicle’s movement.
The electrical system includes numerous pieces. These include the clutch, gearbox, propeller shaft, differential and axle, and live axle to be more specific.
4. The Body
Using a dedicated frame for attaching the body is now rare except for certain applications for heavy-duty commercial vehicles.
Many heavy-duty trucks now use “sub-frames” of the basic design. These assemblies contain the engine and transmission; they are then attached to the mainframes via brackets.
The sub-frame is mounted on the mainframe using some appropriate rubber connections to isolate engine vibrations. All assembly units of the vehicle are mounted on a rigid frame, which also acts as a chassis.
Top Automobile Companies in India
1. Tata Motors
The company has a large network of 134 subsidiaries, associate companies and joint ventures, including Jaguar Land Rover in the UK and Tata Daewoo in South Korea. TML offers automotive products ranging from one-tonne to 49-tonne Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) trucks, small, medium, and large buses and coaches and passenger vehicles.
TML is the leading manufacturer in India’s commercial vehicle (CV) market with a share of 45.1% in FY 2018-19. It sold over 4.68 million vehicles in the Heavy and Medium Commercial Vehicle (MHCV) category during this period.
Tata Motors is the largest Indian automobile company. TML’s market share in the PV segment rose by 60 bps to It is a great automobile company in India.
2. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd
Market leader in the Indian passenger vehicle industry. The Company was founded in 1981. A joint venture agreement was signed between the Government of India and SMC, Japan in 1982. SMC purchased the Company from the Government of India in 2002. Maruti is the second largest automobile manufacturer in India by revenue.
In terms of production process and sales, the SMC subsidiary is the largest of Company subsidiaries. SMC currently controls 5 Maruti Suzuki is the largest car company in India based on market share.
The Advanced Utility Company owns and operates two large factories in Gurugram and Manesar in Haryana. These facilities produce over one million units per year.
3. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., a mobility products and farm solutions provider, is the flagship company of the Mahindra Group. It is one of the leading car companies in India. Since constructing the first vehicle in 1947, The Company has grown rapidly. It is the Third Largest Automobile Company in India by Total Sales.
By offering a diverse array of vehicles, product lines, and services, the Company is one of India’s leading automobile manufacturers.
4. Hero MotoCorp Ltd
With over 90 million customers worldwide, the second-largest motorbike manufacturer in the world has always championed global economic prosperity and empowerment with its extensive line of products and services.
It was the only Indian motorcycle manufacturer to establish a manufacturing base in Latin America when it began operations at its manufacturing facility in Colombia in 201
Hero MotoCorp has an annual production capacity of around 9 million vehicles, making it the fourth-largest vehicle company in India. Hero MotoCorp is the second-largest motorcycle manufacturer in the country.
Jobs Available in Automotive Industry
1. Auto designer
Auto manufacturers design the interior and exterior of a car. They combine art, engineering and business to design the vehicle’s appearance, aerodynamics, practicality and cost. They creatively incorporate all essential mechanical, electrical, technological and comfort features into the vehicle.
2. Auto engineer
Engineers study, develop and design the technical systems of cars. They work with the design and development team to use state-of-the-art automotive technology in a manner that is safe and user-friendly in the vehicle’s navigation, warning, control and fuel systems. The automotive engineer can continue to develop vehicles utilizing technologies previously developed or develop brand new technologies in response to the current market trends.
3. Auto body repair technician
Body repair technicians repair automobile frames, suspensions, dents, windows and the wheels’ alignment after a vehicle is damaged. They primarily focus on repairing the outside, non-mechanical components of a car and make it look new again.
4. Process Engineer
Maintenance engineers manage the production process by maintaining automated machines and resolving technical problems. They frequently work on their own when monitoring the overall efficiency of a plant, but they also work hand-in-hand with plant personnel to propose changes that would enhance the production process.
5. Vehicle inspector
The vehicle inspector is responsible for making sure vehicles meet safety standards and reporting violations and recommending repairs. They inspect cars for damage and test drive them to determine any issues. The inspectors also test the vehicles for emissions and other factors. They also examine the features of the vehicles and assure that they meet all regulatory standards.
6. Car salesperson
A car salesman helps customers find the right vehicle to buy, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of different makes and models and initiates the payment procedure. They form strong relationships with their customers to identify their automobile needs and encourage them to return with repeat purchases.
7. Quality testing engineer
Testing engineers are responsible for testing all of the components of a vehicle to ensure proper operation and road safety. They may specialize in a certain area of the vehicle, such as crash testing, electronics, system integration or wireless connectivity. They are skilled in constructing and executing a test case. Any mistakes are immediately corrected.
Ample job opportunities are available in the Automotive industry after vocational school graduation. The candidate must be receptive to challenges, eager to learn, adventurous, punctual, and dedicated to his work on a daily basis. Afterward, there is truly nothing that prevents someone from succeeding in the Automotive industry.